Well known as the ‘Temple of the Golden Pavilion’. It is a Buddhist temple that is located in Kyoto in Japan. It is one of the most popular Japanese attractions as it attracts huge numbers of tourists each year. This structure is a designated National Special Landscape and National Special Historic Site. It is part of the Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto which is a UNESCO world heritage site. The site of the temple was once a villa that was owned by a statesman. It dates back to 1397 but all the buildings on the site except the pavilion were burned down during the Onin War which took place between 1467 and 1477. A monk burned down the pavilion in 1950 and a new structure was built in 1955.